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What is Type 2 Diabetes?

What is Type 2 Diabetes?



 

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

What is Diabetes Mellitus?


Diabetes mellitus is regarded as a chronic condition wherein the person's blood-glucose levels become excessively high. The hormone called insulin is the substance, which is accountable in regulating the level of glucose in the blood. Insulin should be present in the blood to assist the passage of glucose into the cells. The cells will use the glucose as "energy" for physical movement, growth, and tissue repair. Maintaining the sugar level within the normal range is important, because an excess amount of glucose in the blood may harm the blood vessels of the body; and may lead to kidney diseases, diabetic blindness, limb amputation, cerebrovascular accident, and cardiovascular disease.

3 Common Types of Diabetes
  • Type 1 diabetes is commonly seen in small children and young adults. People with type1 diabetes cannot generate insulin and should inject insulin every day.
  • Type 2 diabetes is commonly seen in adults or people that are older than 45. However, this type of diabetes can also be acquired by younger people, especially in the present time where the incidence of childhood obesity continues to increase. Type 2 diabetics, are either lacking the hormone called insulin, or it can be that their body is resistant to insulin and unable to utilize it properly.
  • Gestational Diabetes develops during pregnancy: approximately, 2-4 % of all women who are pregnant have developed gestational diabetes. In cases where a woman developed this type of diabetes, she has 40 % chance of developing Type 2 diabetes in her later life.
As stated by CDC, over 24 million individuals in America have acquired diabetes mellitus in the year 2007, and out of this number, approximately 6 million of these people are not aware of their condition. They also state that approximately 1 million cases are newly diagnosed each year. This condition can affect both men and women of various age or ethnic groups.

Prevalence Rate of Diabetes
  • White Americans (6.6%)
  • African Americans (11.5%)
  • American Indians(16.5%)
  • Latinos (10.4%)
  • Asian Americans (7.5%)
Studies show that Alaskan Natives and Pacific Islanders faces a higher risk of acquiring this condition, compared to other race. This is due to many factors, which may include but are not limited to: Genetics, diet, and their lifestyle.

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