Has your doctor or someone you know told you that you have “borderline diabetes”?
There is no such thing as borderline diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, the definition of diabetes is “a former term for Type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance”.
Most people who have been told they have “borderline” diabetes actually have diabetes or may have pre-diabetes. People with blood sugar levels that are higher than normal but not yet in the diabetic range have “pre-diabetes”.
To be diagnosed with pre-diabetes, you must have one of the following:
Impaired fasting glucose = (blood sugar) of 100 – 125 mg/dL
-A test that measures your blood sugar after you have gone overnight without eating
Impaired glucose tolerance = blood sugar of 140 – 199 mg/dL
-A test 2 hours after a meal or glucose tolerance test (sweet liquid given at the doctor’s office or laboratory
You may also be told you have insulin resistance. This means your body is producing insulin but the insulin is not able to get the sugar into the cells, causing the sugar in the blood to be high. The tests mentioned above indicate insulin resistance or pre-diabetes.
If you have pre-diabetes, that means you do not yet have diabetes. If left uncontrolled, this may develop into Type 2 diabetes. It is important to make sure you are following a healthy eating plan and adding physical activity into your day. Eating well, exercising, and losing weight if you are overweight, will help control blood sugar and improve insulin resistance.
Also, review our Prevention section. The number one cause of death among type 2 diabetics is heart disease. As a result, tight blood sugar control as well as tight blood pressure and cholesterol control are required to improve survival with this disease.