Sulfonylureas – A Type 2 Diabetes Medications
Sulfonylureas (SUL-fo-nill-u-RAY-us) is a class of medication that signals to the pancreas to release more insulin right after a meal and then over many hours to lower your blood glucose. You should take this medication right before a meal. Sulfonylureas can cause low blood sugar (hypglycemia).
|The Brand and Generic Names of This Drug|
In order for these pills to work, your pancreas must still be able to produce insulin. So, this drug is not good for Type 1 diabetes.
How to Take Sulfonylureas
Sulfonylureas drugs comes as a pill and are taken by mouth once a day at breakfast. It is important to not take more sulfonylureas pills than your doctor recommends. And, if you miss a dose, do not double-dose. If you do, you may develop low blood sugar.
Along with diet and exercise, sulfonylureas can help Type 2 diabetics lose weight and increase the effectiveness of their insulin. Talk to your doctor about a specific treatment plan, including instructions for how to properly use the brands above. Also, speak with your doctor if you see no change in your weight or blood sugar level.
Hazards to Look Out For
There are some severe side effects associated with sulfonylureas use, including major heart problems. Therefore, it is wise to speak with your doctor before beginning sulfonylureas use. Here are some of the most common precautions to be aware of:
- Sulfonylureas may cause an allergic reaction
- Sulfonylureas may interact with other prescription and non-prescription medications
- Tell your doctor if you are also taking vitamins
- Sulfonylureas may affect pre-existing heart, liver, kidney, thyroid, adrenal, or pituitary issues.
- Your doctor should be informed if you are pregnant, plan on becoming pregnant, or breast-feeding
- Your doctor and dentist should be aware of the sulfonylureas use before any form of surgery
- Sulfonylureas may cause drowsiness, therefore, do not operate heavy machinery, such as a car or heavy equipment, while taking sulfonylureas
- Alcohol may also increase the effects of drowsiness
- Cigarette smoking may cause sulfonylureas to be less effective
- Avoid prolonged exposure to the sunlight while on sulfonylureas. Sulfonylureas will make your skin sensitive to sunlight
Common Side Effects of Sulfonylureas Use Include: Exercise Safely to Reduce Blood Sugar!
- Itching or redness
- Exaggerated sunburn
- Yellowing of the skin or eyes
- Light-colored stools
- Dark urine
- Unusual bleeding or bruising
- Sore throat
Common Side Effects of Low Blood Sugar Levels Associated with Sulfonylureas Use include:
- Sulfonylureas may cause low blood sugar levels – check your blood sugar levels regularly
- Dizziness or lightheadedness Always Have Glucose Tables for Low Blood Sugar
- Nervousness or irritability
- Sudden changes in behavior or mood
- Numbness or tingling in the mouth
- Pale skin
- Clumsy or jerky movements
If you suffer from low blood sugar levels as a result of sulfonylureas treatments, you may experience some lasting effects, Including:
- Loss of consciousness
If you suffer from high blood sugar levels, you may experience the following side effects:
- Extreme thirst Know Your Blood Sugar!
- Extreme hunger
- Blurred vision
If you continue to have high blood sugar levels that are not treated by sulfonylureas use or any other medication, you may begin to experience a condition known as Diabetic Ketoacidosis. If so, then contact your doctor immediately and be sure to tell him or her that you are taking sulfonylureas to treat the high blood sugar levels. Some common side effects of Diabetic Ketoacidosis include:
- Dry mouth
- Upset stomach and vomiting
- Shortness of breath
- Breath that smells fruity
- Decreased consciousness